Canadian Neighbor Pharmacy: Cardiopulmonary Stress Testing

Cardiac and pulmonary disease frequently coexist in the dyspneic patient. However, evaluation of these patients may frustrate physicians who are faced with vague clinical clues and laboratory tests which fail to delineate the cause of the exercise limitation. In this situation, cardiopulmonary stress testing has two functions, to characterize the exercise limitation and to assess…

Read more

Canadian HealthCare Mall: Cortical Substrates for the Perception of Dyspnea

Besides physiologic mechanisms, the role of psychological factors in the perception of breathlessness has been recognized,>> but research on this topic is still at the beginning. To the present time, negative emotions have been shown to be associated predominantly with decreased accuracy of dyspnea percep-tion. Furthermore, a repressive-defensive coping style might be related to blunted…

Read more