Mortality from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases and Asthma in France

Respiratory diseases are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in many countries. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the most common respiratory cause of death and is mostly attributable to smoking. The mortality trend for COPD is of particular interest because, in the United States, and probably in other countries, trends are upward…

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Race Disparities in Childhood Asthma: Does Where You Live Matter?

Asthma is the most common chronic childhood illness in the United States. It is a major cause of childhood disability and accounts for a substantial number of hospital admissions, physician visits and school absences. As documented in several national studies, asthma prevalence is higher among non-Hispanic black children compared with non-Hispanic white children. Among Hispanics,…

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Race Disparities in Childhood Asthma: Does Where You Live Matter? METHODS

Data and Sample Two sources of data are used in this study: the 2001 Rhode Island Health Interview Survey (Rl HIS) and the 2000 U.S. census. The Rl HIS is a random-digit-dial telephone survey administered every 3-5 years. The 2001 survey collected health-related information on children and adults in sampled Rhode Island households. Within each…

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Race Disparities in Childhood Asthma: Does Where You Live Matter? Analysis

The analytic goal was to estimate excess risk of asthma among children in relation to neighborhood and housing characteristics as well as racial/ethnic group. Using SUDAAN (version 9.0) statistical software programs, we developed a series of logistic multivariable models. We estimated excess risk from odds ratios derived from generalized estimating equations (GEE). The GEE procedure…

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