Early Predictors of Mortality for Hospitalized Patients Suffering Cardiopulmonary Arrest: RESULTS part 2

Intra-arrest Factors Patients whose cardiopulmonary arrest was unwit­nessed had an initial resuscitation rate of 27.6 percent but very poor eventual survival (1.1 percent) when compared to patients whose cardiopulmonary arrests were witnessed (13.0 percent) (p<.01) (Table 2). The only eventual survivor among the unwitnessed group was transferred to a chronic care facility 27 days following…

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Early Predictors of Mortality for Hospitalized Patients Suffering Cardiopulmonary Arrest

Since modern cardiopulmonary resuscitation was first described by Kouwenhoven et al, it has achieved wide application as a standardized, team based and highly organized medical intervention both in and out of hospital. Successful resuscitation from cardiopulmonary arrest performed in Emergency De­partments can be expected in 21 to 33 percent of cases using ACLS techniques. Among…

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Daytime Hypercapnia in the Development of Nocturnal Hypoxemia in COPD: DISCUSSION

The most important finding of our study was that among our patients admitted to a respiratory rehabil­itation unit with COPD and who were not hypoxemic while awake, (ie, whose baseline awake Sa02 is >=89 percent), the occurrence of sustained nocturnal hy­poxemia was most closely related to the presence of daytime hypercapnia. Secondly, our study has…

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Daytime Hypercapnia in the Development of Nocturnal Hypoxemia in COPD: METHODS

Model Development Subjects: The subjects consisted of 48 consecutive patients with COPD admitted to a chronic respiratory unit for rehabilitation. All were previous smokers and had a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV^forced vital capacity (FVC) of <70 percent. None had a history of atopy or asthma nor of any other respiratory disease. All…

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