My Canadian Pharmacy Discusses Pneumothorax

What is Pneumothorax? Pneumothorax is understood as an air congestion in a pleural cavity. It is distinguished two forms of disease: open pneumothorax, first aid at which has to be given immediately; closed pneumothorax. Treatment of the last is carried out in the hospital. At an open form air gets to pleural cavity from the…

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Canadian Neighbor Pharmacy: Cardiopulmonary Stress Testing

Cardiac and pulmonary disease frequently coexist in the dyspneic patient. However, evaluation of these patients may frustrate physicians who are faced with vague clinical clues and laboratory tests which fail to delineate the cause of the exercise limitation. In this situation, cardiopulmonary stress testing has two functions, to characterize the exercise limitation and to assess…

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Canadian Neighbor Pharmacy: Neutrophil in Increased Permeability Pulmonary Edema

(3) Intrapulmonic neutrophil trapping and pulmonary edema occur with no relationship between the two. A multitude of drugs have been used to induce pulmonary edema including alpha naphthathiourea (ANTU), pyrrolizidine pyrroles, streptoccocal entero-toxin, ammonium sulfate, and oleic acid. Oleic acid administered intravenously in various animals produces rapid onset, high permeability pulmonary edema. During this early…

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Canadian Health&Care Mall: Results of Unilateral Pulmonary Disease

Four patients with respiratory failure who required mechanical ventilation and had chest roentgeno-graphic findings of a unilateral infiltrate were included in the study (Table 1). All of the patients had a history of smoking. In all patients with an interstitial process, turning the “good” side to the dependent position (down) improved oxygenation (Table 2). This…

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Canadian Neighbor Pharmacy: Discussion of Subepithelial Microvasculature in Large Airways Observed by High-Magnification Bronchovideoscope

The subepithelial structure of the normal bronchial tree consists mainly of cartilage rings, longitudinal and circular muscular folds, and subepithelial vessels. These vessels were observed through the transparent epithelium, which was covered with a mucosal layer, and were thought to form a venous network in the subepithelial layer of the bronchus. Many ramifying microvessels were…

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Canadian HealthCare Mall: Cortical Substrates for the Perception of Dyspnea

Besides physiologic mechanisms, the role of psychological factors in the perception of breathlessness has been recognized,>> but research on this topic is still at the beginning. To the present time, negative emotions have been shown to be associated predominantly with decreased accuracy of dyspnea percep-tion. Furthermore, a repressive-defensive coping style might be related to blunted…

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Canadian Health and Care Mall: Role of Calcium-Channel Blockers in Obstructive Airway Disease

Calcium-channel blocking agents, which include nifedipine, verapamil, and diltiazem, have recently been licensed for use in this country. Calcium antagonists are a heterogeneous group of agents with dissimilar structural, electrophysiologic, and pharmacologic properties. The chemical structures of the most commonly used calcium blocking agents (nifedipine, verapamil, and diltiazem) differ and the molecular basis of their…

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